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Food for Thought:Grandson Has Autism, Gets Teased for Messy Eating


来源:http://www.autismspeaks.org/blog ... teased-messy-eating

Friday, February 28, 2014


“Ourgrandson, who has Asperger syndrome, has difficulty getting foodneatly into his mouth. No matter what we say, he seems obliviouswhen it ends up on his face. And it gets him teased and avoided atschool. How can we help him?”


Today’s“Food for Thought” answer is from child psychologist Lauren Elder,Autism Speaks assistant director for dissemination science, andoccupational therapist Alison Wheeland, a University of SouthernCalifornia doctoral student completing her residency with AutismSpeaks.


This is atricky situation!??We definitely don’t want himgetting teased when he could learn to eat more neatly. This is animportant skill, especially as he gets a bit older and starts tothink about dates and job interviews. It may take some time, buthere are some tips that may help.


1.? ?? ?Use a mirror. When he’s at home, havehim eat in front of a mirror. This can help him become aware whenfood’s on his face – as well as when he’s eating neatly.

1. 使用镜子。在家时,让他在镜子前吃饭。这会帮助他意识到有食物在脸上——以及什么时候他是在整洁地用餐。

2. Try anonverbal cue. This strategy can help your grandson when he’s inpublic and a mirror isn’t appropriate. Sit where he can see youwhile he’s eating. Each time food ends up on his face, gently tapyour face to indicate where it is. Let him know that this is hiscue to wipe his face. When you’re not around, a parent, sibling ortrusted friend can provide the cue.


3. Make iteasier to eat neatly. Encourage your grandson to take smallerbites. If you’re packing his lunch, pack less-messy foods like adry turkey sandwich and carrot sticks. This isn’t a long-termsolution since you want him to learn to eat all foods neatly. Butit can reduce the teasing at school while he’s learning to beneater.


4. Instill aroutine. Until your grandson masters eating neatly, encourage himto use a napkin to wipe his face at regular intervals. Make itspecific – such as a wipe every five bites.


5. Help himunderstand. At this point, your grandson may not appreciate whyeating neatly is important. Try writing a social story thatexplains why it’s important. Include a picture that includessomeone with food on his or her face. The story might continue withthe person learning to take smaller bites and regularly wiping hisor her face with a napkin.(For help withwriting social stories, see the Autism Speaks ATN/AIR-P VisualSupports Tool Kit.)


6. Providemotivation. Consider a reward system, where your grandson gets asmall reward for eating neatly. Make sure to set small, achievablegoals. For example, begin by providing the reward when he remembersto wipe his face or eats a meal even a little more neatly than lasttime. You can up the ante over time.


7. Gently“wake up” the sense of touch on his face before he eats. Manyindividuals with autism are under-responsive to touch. If yougrandson doesn’t mind you touching his face, make a game out of thefollowing exercise: Use the base of your palms to apply gentle butfirm pressure to the top of both cheeks, then slide your palms downtoward his mouth, making a “squishy face. Your grandson can learnto do this himself, but make sure he understands that the routineis something he does in private. You don’t want it to result infurther teasing. Also, don’t push this routine if he finds ituncomfortable.


8. Keep alog. You may gain insights into your grandson’s eating issues bytaking notes of when he gets particularly messy and when he tendsto eat more neatly. Does he get messier when he’s tired? Anxious?Starving? Around his friends? Does it carry over to otheractivities, like brushing his teeth, or cleaning his hands? Does itjust happen around the mouth? His entire face? His hands and bodytoo?


It may bethat he’s really not noticing when food’s on his face. Or he mayhave trouble aiming his hand at the right place to wipe it off?Once you start noticing patterns, you may come up with morestrategies to help him. If your grandson sees an occupationaltherapist, your log can also help the therapist identifysensory-processing and motor-coordination issues and help your sonaddress them.


Thank youagain for your question, which we know is a common one. We wish youand your grandson all the best.





翻译:Greta? ?? ?

复核:刘玘-67? ?

转自:新浪微博 @ 豆苗计划志愿者联盟关爱狗万反水不够_狗万提款多久_狗万返水比例


发表于 2016-5-24 16:07:32 | 只看该作者
? ?? ?? ?谢谢翻译
发表于 2018-6-1 22:00:42 | 只看该作者


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